Glossary Entries

1. Aureate /ˈɔːriːət/: –adjective.

A writing style that is affected, pompous, and heavily ornamental, that uses rhetorical flourishes excessively, and that often employs interlarded foreign words and phrases. The style is usually associated with the 15th-century French, English, and Scottish writers. The word comes from the Middle English aureat, “golden” or “splendid,” and was probably coined on the basis of the Latin words auratus (“gilded”) and aureus (“golden”). Lerer uses this term to refer to Lydgate.


2. The Baudot code, named after its inventor Émile Baudot, is a unique character set that offers a specific series of bits for each letter of the alphabet. It’s a 5-bit code with certain spaces and intervals, and is sent via a telegraph wire or a radio signal.


3. The word “coinage” has four official definitions that mean completely different things:

1. the act, process, or right of making coins.

2. the categories, types, or quantity of coins issued by a nation. The currency of a country.

3. the act or process of inventing words.

4. an invented or newly created word or phrase. Example: “Ecdysiast” is a coinage of H. L. Mencken.

These four definitions can be put in two categories. The first two are more related to actual coins and money. The last two are related to terms and language. The definitions we will be using are the last two.


4. The word “Winchester” is a proper noun used as the name of several towns and cities:

1. a city in Hampshire, in South England.

2. a town in East Massachusetts.

3. a city in North Virginia where battles of the American Civil War happened from 1862 till 1864.

4. a city in East Central Kentucky.

5. a town in North West Connecticut.

Winchester is also sometimes used as a family name. Example: the protagonists’ family name on the US TV show “Supernatural” is Winchester.